The transverse arms of a cruciform church, usually facing north and south. Since the transept precedes the apse, the most sacred part of the church, it becomes a space where religious decorations that inspire devotion can be included. Examples are Cimabue's frescoes (after 1279) from the Passion, Apocalypse, and lives of Sts. Peter and Paul in the transept of the Upper Church of San Francesco, Assisi, and Pietro Lorenzetti's (1325-1330) Passion scenes in San Francesco's Lower Church. At times, transepts also contain chapels with holy relics or tombs, among the most notable Renaissance examples being Filippo Brunelleschi's Old Sacristy (1421-1428) and Michelangelo's New Sacristy (1519-1534), both radiating from the transept in the Church of San Lorenzo, Florence, which function as the funerary chapels of members of the Medici family.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TRANSEPT — TRANSEP Terme qui désigne, dans l’architecture religieuse médiévale et moderne, une nef transversale, divisée intérieurement en un ou plusieurs vaisseaux; le transept croise perpendiculairement la nef de l’édifice en avant du chœur ou de l’abside …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Transept — et autres parties d une église. Le transept est une nef transversale qui coupe à angle droit la nef principale d’une église et qui lui donne ainsi la forme symbolique d’une croix latine. Outre ce côté symbolique, le transept participe à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Transept — • A rectangular space inserted between the apse and nave in the early Christian basilica Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Transept     Transept      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • transept — TRANSÉPT, transepturi, s.n. Naos transversal care taie în unghi drept naosul principal al unei biserici, alcătuind cu acesta un plan în formă de cruce. – Din fr. transept. Trimis de ionel bufu, 28.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  transépt s. n. (sil.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Transept — Tran sept, n. [Pref. trans + L. septum an inclosure. See {Septum}.] (Arch.) The transversal part of a church, which crosses at right angles to the greatest length, and between the nave and choir. In the basilicas, this had often no projection at… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transept — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. transeptpcie, archit. {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} nawa poprzeczna w kościele zbudowanym na planie krzyża, zwykle oddzielająca nawę główną i nawy boczne od prezbiterium : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Transept jedno ,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Transept — Transept, s. Transsept …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Transept — (Transsept, lat.), jeder Querbau, der die Längenausdehnung eines Gebäudes unterbricht und Querflügel bildet (z. B. das Kreuzschiff christlicher Kirchen) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Transépt — (lat.), Querbau; bes. Querschiff einer Kirche …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • transept — (n.) transverse section of a cruciform church, 1530s, from M.L. transeptum, from L. trans across (see TRANS (Cf. trans )) + saeptum fence, partition, enclosure (see SEPTUM (Cf. septum)). Rare before 1700 …   Etymology dictionary

  • transept — [ transɛpt, trα:n ] noun (in a cross shaped church) either of the two parts forming the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave. Derivatives transeptal adjective Origin C16: from mod. L. transeptum (see trans , septum) …   English new terms dictionary

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